Domestic violence (also named domestic abuse, battering, or family violence) is a pattern of behavior which involves violence or other abuse by one person against another in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation. It may be termed intimate partner violence when committed by a spouse or partner in an intimate relationship against the other spouse or partner, and can take place in heterosexual or same-sex relationships, or between former spouses or partners. Domestic violence may also involve violence against children or the elderly. It takes a number of forms, including physical, verbal, emotional, economic, religious, reproductive, and sexual abuse, which can range from subtle, coercive forms to marital rape and to violent physical abuse such as choking, beating, female genital mutilation and acid throwing that results in disfigurement or death. Domestic murders include stoning, bride burning, honor killings, and dowry deaths.
Globally, the victims of domestic violence are overwhelmingly women, and women tend to experience more severe forms of violence. In some countries, domestic violence is often seen as justified, particularly in cases of actual or suspected infidelity on the part of the woman, and is legally permitted. Research has established that there exists a direct and significant correlation between a country’s level of gender equality and rates of domestic violence. Domestic violence is among the most underreported crimes worldwide for both men and women. Due to social stigmas regarding male victimization, men face an increased likelihood of being overlooked by healthcare providers.
Domestic violence occurs when the abuser believes that abuse is acceptable, justified, or unlikely to be reported. It may produce intergenerational cycles of abuse in children and other family members, who may feel that such violence is acceptable or condoned. Very few people recognize themselves as abusers or victims because they may consider their experiences as family disputes that just got out of control. Awareness, perception, definition and documentation of domestic violence differs widely from country to country. Domestic violence often happens in the context of forced or child marriage.
In abusive relationships, there may be a cycle of abuse during which tensions rise and an act of violence is committed, followed by a period of reconciliation and calm. Victims of domestic violence may be trapped in domestic violent situations through isolation, power and control, cultural acceptance, lack of financial resources, fear, shame, or to protect children. As a result of abuse, victims may experience physical disabilities, chronic health problems, mental illness, limited finances, and poor ability to create healthy relationships. Victims may experience psychological problems, such as post-traumatic stress disorder. Children who live in a household with violence often show psychological problems from an early age, such as dysregulated aggression which may later contribute to continuing the legacy of abuse when they reach adulthood.
- 1Etymology and definitions
- 5Influences and factors
- 10By country
- 11Legal terminology
- 12See also
- 15Cited sources
- 16Further reading
Domestic violence in the United States
Domestic violence in United States is a form of violence expressed by one partner or partners against another partner or partners in the context of an intimate relationship in the U.S.. It is recognized as an important social problem by governmental and non-governmental agencies, and various Violence Against Women Acts have been passed by the US Congress in an attempt to stem this tide.
Victimization from domestic violence transcends the boundaries of gender and sexual orientation, with significant percentages of LGBT couples facing these issues. Men are subject to domestic violence in large numbers, such as in situational couple violence as mentioned above, but they are less likely to be physically hurt than female victims. Social and economically disadvantaged groups in the U.S. regularly face worse rates of domestic violence than other groups. For example, about 60% of Native American women are physically assaulted in their lifetime by a partner or spouse.
Many scholarly studies of the problem have stated that is often part of a dynamic of control and oppression in relationships, regularly involving multiple forms of physical and non-physical abuse taking place concurrently. Intimate terrorism, an ongoing, complicated use of control, power and abuse in which one person tries to assert systematic control over another psychologically. shelters exist in many states as well as special hotlinesfor people to call for immediate assistance, with non-profit agencies trying to fight the stigma that people both face in reporting these issues.
According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary definition, domestic violence is: “the inflicting of physical injury by one family or household member on another; also: a repeated or habitual pattern of such behavior.”
- 1Governmental definitions
- 2A global problem
- 5Socio-economic impacts
- 7.1.1Violence Against Women Acts
- 7.1.2Family Violence Prevention and Services Act
- 7.1.3Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancement and Leadership Through Alliances (DELTA)
- 7.1.4Domestic Violence Offender Gun Ban
- 7.1.5United States federal probation and supervised release for domestic violence offenders
- 7.1.6United States asylum for victims of domestic violence
- 8Law enforcement
- 9State due diligence
- 10Support organizations
- 11Reduction programs
- 12See also
- 14Further reading
National Domestic Violence Hotline
The National Domestic Violence Hotline is a 24-hour, confidential, toll-free hotline created through the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) in the United States. Hotline staff will begin each call asking if the call is a 911-emergency. If it is an emergency, the operator will immediately connect the caller to a service provider in his or her area. If the call is deemed a non-emergency, the operator may speak to the caller to offer emotional support and/or refer the caller to verbal abuse support groups in the city where she resides.
Highly trained advocates provide support, information, planning, and crisis intervention in 170 languages to hundreds of thousands of domestic violence victims.
As of October 2013, the hotline offers services via online chat during selected hours of the day. This livechat service has been said to break down some of the barriers victims of domestic violence face through its anonymity.
Users whose abusers might monitor internet history are encouraged to call via a friend or family member’s phone or an alternate computer to protect their privacy and safety, however.
Since opening in 1996, the National Domestic Violence Hotline has received over 3 million calls and averages 22,000 calls a month. More than 60% of callers report that this is their first call for help.
Love Is Respect
Loveisrespect, a 24-hour national Web-based and telephone resource, was created to help teens (ages 13–18) experiencing dating abuse, and is the only helpline in the country serving all 50 states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. It was launched February 8, 2007 by the National Domestic Violence Hotline and Break the Cycle. This 24-hour national Web-based and telephone resource was created to help teens and young adults experiencing dating abuse, and is the only helpline in the country serving all 50 states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. In addition to the telephone hotline there is a text feature, and a live chat option, which allows teens to connect to trained peer advocates via the web. loveisrespect peer advocates are trained to offer crisis intervention, advocacy, and information and referrals.
The Office on Violence Against Women of the United States Department of Justice supported the launch of the helpline. Acting Director Mary Beth Buchanan attended the launch of the helpline and was the first caller.
Cards with the number for the National Teen Dating Abuse Helpline are available to many schools and organizations at no charge from Jennifer Ann’s Group.
Teen Dating Bill of Rights
I have the right:
– To always be treated with respect.
– To be in a healthy relationship.
– To not be hurt physically or emotionally.
– To refuse sex or affection at anytime.
– To have friends and activities apart from my boyfriend or girlfriend.
– To end a relationship.
I pledge to:
– Always treat my boyfriend or girlfriend with respect.
– Never hurt my boyfriend or girlfriend physically, verbally, or emotionally.
– Respect my girlfriend’s or boyfriend’s decisions concerning sex and affection.
– Not be controlling or manipulative in my relationship.
– Accept responsibility for myself and my actions.
|Formation||September 22, 1978|
|Legal status||501(c)(3)nonprofit organization|
|Headquarters||Denver, Colorado, United States|
|Ruth M. Glenn|
|Mission||To provide leadership in developing feminist models for
programs working to improve services to women who have been
battered, to provide a national communication and resource
network for battered women, and to form a national voice
around battered women’s issues and other important issues affecting women.
|Part of a series on|
|Violence against women|
|Sexual assault and rape|
© 2017 National Resource Center on Domestic Violence. | SITEMAP
The Domestic Violence Awareness Project is coordinated by the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence – 6041 Linglestown Rd. Harrisburg, PA 17112; 1-800-537-2238. This Web site is funded through a grant from the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Family and Youth Services Bureau. Neither the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services nor any of its components operate, control, are responsible for, or necessarily endorse this Web site (including, without limitation, its content, technical infrastructure, and policies, and any services or tools provided).
Week of Action 2017
Join NNEDV October 15 through 21, 2017 for the National Week of Action!
- 10/15/2017: Conversation Sunday – use our talking points to start conversations about domestic violence with friends, family members, neighbors, or colleagues.
- 10/16/2017: Media Monday – download our new Tech Safety App (now available in Spanish!) or share our #31n31 campaign this year on social media.
- 2016 #31n31: 31 Ways to Challenge Myths about Domestic Violence
- 2015 #31n31: 31 Survivors’ and Advocates’ Stories
- 2014 #31n31: 31 Ways VAWA, FVPSA, and VOCA have Made a Difference in Survivors’ Lives
- 2013 #31n31: 31 Ways to Get Involved and Help End Domestic Violence
- 10/17/2017: Twitter Chat Tuesday – join our bilingual (English & Spanish) Twitter chat from 2-3 PM (ET). Details to come!
- 10/18/2017: Write-In Wednesday – sign-on to our Action Alert or write a letter to the editor – use our template guidelines or check out this example Letter to the Editor.
- 10/19/2017: #PurpleThursday – wear purple and show your support for survivors and for ending domestic violence! Sign up here.
- 10/20/2017: Film Friday – host a #DVMovieNight (check out our Pinterest board for movie ideas!) and use our Movie Night Conversation Guide to talk about the themes from the film.
- 10/21/2017: Shout-Out Saturday – celebrate the people you admire who speak out for survivors and use their voices to make a difference.